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(PDF) ACID Mine Drainage : A Case Study of An Indian Coal ...

Mining is one such activity. In fact, water has been called "mining's most common casualty." This paper discusses one of the major negative impacts that the mining industry has on water i.e. Acid Mine Drainage (AMD), the chemistry of AMD, its environmental effects and impacts and a brief discussion about various treatment methods.

Environmental impacts of coal - Global Energy Monitor

Acid mine drainage (AMD) refers to the outflow of acidic water from coal or metal mines, often abandoned ones where ore- or coal mining activities have exposed rocks containing the sulphur-bearing mineral pyrite. Pyrite reacts with air and water to form sulphuric acid and dissolved iron, and as water washes through mines, this compound forms a dilute acid, which can wash into nearby rivers and ...

The Environmental Impacts of Coal

Acid mine drainage (AMD) Sulphuric acid is created when exposed coal gets wet and dissolves toxic metals.v The resulting run-off is directly toxic to aquatic life and renders the water unfit for use. Furthermore, some of the metals bioaccumulate (i.e. build up in living things) along the aquatic food chain.vi Up to 125km of

Mine Drainage Technology Initiative - OSMRE

At right is a typical acid mine drainage discharge from an abandoned underground coal mine. To combat this problem, the MDTI was formed as a partnership of technical experts from industry, state and federal agencies and academia who have joined together to combat AMD and related water-quality problems from mining and seek solutions to them.

EPA - What is Acid Mine Drainage

Acid Mine Drainage Mines built as early as the 1800's were developed in a manner which utilized gravity drainage, to avoid excessive water accumulation in the mines As a result, water polluted by acid, iron, sulfur and aluminum drained away from the mines and into streams Results of Acid Mine Drainage

(PDF) Acid mine drainage control in an opencast coal mine ...

The problem no doubt is mostly confined to a localized zone at the source, but may extend to distances if the acid mine water is allowed to get discharged into the main water stream. The coal mines that face a serious pollution problem due to acid mine drainage in India art Baragolai (ECL); Churcha, West Chirimiri, Ambora and Rkhikol ( w a ...

Prediction of Water Quality at Surface Coal Mines

mining operations, which now must both prevent acid mine drainage (AMD) generation and treat their effluent water during and after mining to meet effluent limits. The regulatory authorities and the mining industry have worked hard to improve water quality during and after mining.

water-13-00008-v2 (1).pdf - water Review Review Acid Mine ...

Keywords: acid mine drainage; abandoned coal mine; water pollution; groundwater; Shanxi province 1. Introduction Nowadays, acid mine drainage (AMD) problems in abandoned coal mines have be-come a worldwide environmental concern. For example, in the Rio region of Spain, AMD has been a continuous pollution source of the Tinto River [1].AMD formed by a large num-ber of abandoned coal mines in …

Coal-derived humic acid for application in acid mine ...

Treatment of acid mine drainage (AMD) water with coal-derived humic acid. For these experimental purposes, AMD water were obtained from the Shkentalang point source, Jaintia Hills, Meghalaya and treated with coal-derived humic acid solution. For that purpose, 1% (W/V) and 0.5% (W/V) coal-derived humic acid solution in 0.1N NaOH were prepared.

Restoring waters damaged by acid mine drainage: A ...

Acid mine drainage from abandoned mine lands devastates bodies of water in coal communities across the U.S. -- but there are also countless stories of indivi...

Clean Water Laws Wrestle With Coal – Appalachian Voices

Acid Mine Drainage. What: Mining exposes metal sulfides to air and water, which react to form acidic discharges. Affected water can harm or kill aquatic life and is not safe for recreation or drinking. Where: Generated by surface and underground coal mines — both active and inactive — as well as hardrock mines. It's Still Happening: Acid mine drainage was among the 2015 water-quality ...

Abandoned Mine Drainage | US EPA

Abandoned Mine Drainage. Abandoned mine drainage is water that is polluted from contact with mining activity, and normally associated with coal mining. It is a common form of water pollution in areas where mining took place in the past. There are several issues with abandoned mines that impact water quality: acid mine drainage (the most ...

Coal mine on point of turning acid mine drainage into ...

JOHANNESBURG (miningweekly.com) – An Mpumalanga coal mine is on the point of entering into an agreement before year-end to have its acid mine drainage water curse turned into potable water at no cost, *Mining Weekly* can today report. Recovered potassium nitrate, which retails at about R15 000/t and which is marketed at about R11 000/t to R11 ...

Acid Mine Drainage: Chemistry

Acid Mine Drainage: Chemistry Acid mine drainage impacts stream and river ecosystems through acidity, ferric ion (Fe 3+) precipitation, oxygen depletion, and release of heavy metals associated with coal and metal mining, such as aluminum (Al 3+), zinc (Zn 2+), and manganese (Mn 2+).. When mineral deposits that contain sulfides are mined, they have the potential to produce …

Ground Water Contamination in Coal Mining Areas

In coal mining and industrial areas, the surface and ground water is usually polluted and contaminated. In such areas, water is being contaminated by overburden dump. Surface impoundments, artificial recharge, waste disposal in wet excavation, mine water, industrial effluents, acid mine drainage, tailing pods, etc. (Chandra, 1992).

(PDF) Mine Water Treatment in Hongai Coal Mines

Acid water, also known as acid mine drainage forms when iron sulfide minerals found. in the rock of coal seams are exposed to oxidizing conditions in coal mining. Until 2009, mine drainage in ...

Acid mine drainage from coal mining in the United States ...

Water discharged from active, abandoned and/or reclaimed coal mine sites with relatively higher acidity continues to be a global concern due to variable impacts on the quality of surface water and groundwater. Treatment of such acid mine drainage (AMD) is often complex, costly, and challenging. Towards this end, this review provides an overview ...

Passive Treatment of Coal Mine Drainage - OSMRE

reclaimed. Total water treatment costs for the coal mining industry are estimated to exceed $1,000,000 per day (I)! The high costs of water treatment place a serious financial burden on active mining companies and have contributed to the bankruptcies of many others. Table 1 .--Federal effluent limitations for coal mine drainage

Frequency Distribution of the pH of Coal-Mine Drainage in ...

Geochemistry of Coal Mine Drainage Ground water and associated mine discharges in the coalfields of Pennsylvania range widely in quality from near-neutral, or "alkaline" (alkalinity > acidity; pH > 6), to strongly acidic (Rose and Cra-votta, 1998). The pH of coal-mine drainage in Pennsylvania has a bimodal frequency distribution

Coal and Water Pollution | Union of Concerned Scientists

Coal mining. Mining operations can negatively impact water supplies, often with long-lasting effects. The fundamental issue involves contamination of nearby rivers, lakes, and aquifers by what comes out of a coal mine—usually highly acidic water containing heavy metals like arsenic, copper, and lead. The process is known as acid mine drainage.It happens when certain substances (typically ...

Coal Mining Detailed Study - 2008

appendix b: draft acid mine drainage treatment cost module: chemical precipitation using caustic soda . appendix c: draft acid mine drainage treatment cost module: chemical precipitation using caustic soda . appendix d: draft acid mine drainage treatment cost module: limestone bed . appendix e: acid mine drainage treatment cost module results

An Explanation of Acid Mine Drainage - Treehugger

In the coal mining regions of the eastern United States, over 4,000 miles of stream have been impacted by acid mine drainage. These streams are mostly located in Pennsylvania, West ia, and Ohio.

How does coal mining cause acid mine drainage? – Colors ...

Acid Mine Drainage (AMD) is currently the main pollutant of surface water in the mid-Atlantic region. AMD is caused when water flows over or through sulfur-bearing materials forming solutions of net acidity. AMD comes mainly from abandoned coal mines and currently active mining.

Effective Treatment Options for Acid Mine Drainage in the ...

materials in the water. Acid mine drainage is a big problem in areas where there are abandoned mines. Active mines are monitored and drainage can be removed or treated at its source; or the drainage will be prevented from forming in the first place. With as many years as coal mining has been going on

Work starts on plant to treat mine waste water in Belt Creek

Work began in early October on a $26 million project to treat acid mine drainage from an old coal mine that is polluting the creek, sometimes causing it to turn a rusty color. (Tom Henderson ...

Water in Underground Mines

from the origin of an explosion will not costly treatment of acid mine water be-exceed 20 psig unless coal dust accumula- fore discharge. Presently, there is no tions are abnormal and the incombustible commonly accepted design method for con-content of the dust is far less than re- structing bulkheads for this purpose. quired by law (_U.3 In ...

Water pollution from coal - Global Energy Monitor

The acid runoff further dissolves heavy metals such as copper, lead, mercury into groundwater or surface water. The rate and degree by which acid-mine drainage proceeds can be increased by the action of certain bacteria. Acidic, metal-laden drainage from abandoned coal mines can have substantial effects on aquatic resources.

Mine Drainage and Water Quality Research

Cravotta, C.A., III (1991) Geochemical evolution of acidic ground water at a reclaimed surface coal mine in western Pennsylvania, in Proceedings of the 1991 National Meeting of the American Society for Surface Mining and Reclamation, May 14-17 (1991) Durango, Co.: Princeton, W.V., American Society for Surface Mining and Reclamation, p. 43-68.

COAL MINE ACID MINE DRAINAGE TREATMENT AND …

Coal mine AMD feed water and samples collected at various stages during the water treatment process were filtered through Whatman No. 1 filter paper, before analyzing for sulphate using a HACH spectrophotometer and metals ions (Ca 2+, Mg 2+, Ba 2+, Al 3+, Mn 2+ and

Water pollution from acid drainage due to coal mining in ...

Carolina has long suffered from water pollution owing mainly to acid drainage from coal mining. Women are particularly damaged. The local community protested and pursued legal action.

Acid mine drainage - Wikipedia

Abandoned Mine Drainage. Abandoned mine drainage is water that is polluted from contact with mining activity, and normally associated with coal mining. It is a common form of water pollution in areas where mining took place in the past. There are several issues with abandoned mines that impact water quality: acid mine drainage (the most ...

How Acid Mine Drainage Has Affected the Greater ...

cycle of anthracite coal mining in the valley environmental precautions were not always taken. Thus the effects are still seen today in areas like Shamokin. Acid mine drainage from abandoned coal mines has contaminated more than 3,000 miles of streams in Pennsylvania and it is the most extensive water-pollution problem affecting watersheds in

Water pollution from acid drainage due to coal mining in ...

Acid water is running from the taps in their houses, caused by the outflow of acidic. water from the mines ('acid mine drainage'). At one point, the water in Boesmanspruit Dam, Carolina's main water supply, had a pH value of 3.7. [10] Type of population: Semi-urban: Start of the conflict: 11/01/2012: Company names or state enterprises:

Acid Mine Drainage - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

Acid mine drainage (AMD) is the runoff produced when water comes in contact with exposed rocks containing sulfur-bearing minerals that react with water and air to form sulfuric acid and dissolved iron. This acidic run-off dissolves heavy metals including copper, …

U.S. Waterways Polluted by Coal Mining | Environmental ...

The main problem of the coal mining process is the pollution of the nearby waterways by that which is brought to the surface from a coal mine alongside with the extraction of coal. Generally, along with coal comes acidic water carrying arsenic, copper and lead, an …

Water | Free Full-Text | Review: Acid Mine Drainage (AMD ...

Excessive exploitation and massive coal mine closures have brought about extensive goafs in Shanxi where 8780 coal mines have been abandoned in the last 20 years. Acid mine drainage (AMD) poses severe environmental impact and has become a prominent problem in Shanxi abandoned coal mine areas, which has aggravated the shortage of water resources and threatened the safety of the local …